Submandibular lymph nodes - protection against infections

February 13, 2014

 submandibular lymph nodes
 Submandibular glands were collected blood from the bottom half of the face. If the bloodstream becomes infected lymph node, then the normal immunity, it is destroyed by immune cells in the lymph nodes. So the immune system The immune system - how it works?  The immune system - how it works?
   It protects the body from infection.


Submandibular lymph nodes - where they are located and how to look

Submandibular lymph nodes - is accumulation of lymphatic tissue located along the lymph vessels near the large blood vessels of the submandibular region. 6-8 submandibular lymph nodes are located in the triangle in front of the submandibular salivary gland and its thicker in front and rear of the facial vein. Profit lymphatic vessels originate from the skin of the upper and lower lip, chin, cheeks, nose, inside of the lower eyelid, nasal mucosa, gums, palate; as well as the teeth, tongue sublingual salivary gland, mandibular lymph nodes.

Submandibular lymph nodes are soft pinkish-gray bean-shaped formation, arranged in groups and covered with a connective tissue capsule. The gate node - a pit on the surface of the capsule, through the gate in a lymph node consists of arteries and nerves and veins are located and efferent lymphatic vessels. Each lymph node runs two to four lymph vessel and bringing out one or two efferent larger diameter than bring.

Inside the lymph node parenchyma is - loose connective tissue filled with immune cells - mainly lymphocytes and macrophages. Here there are antibodies to infectious agents.


What are the functions of the submandibular lymph nodes

The main functions of the submandibular lymph nodes are protective and barrier-filtration.

If you get an infection in the face area, where depart bringing lymphatic vessels (for example, gingivitis, periodontitis, rhinitis, an inflammation of the submandibular gland) with a current of infectious agents enter the lymph submandibular lymph nodes where immune cells are destroyed. The drainage system of lymph node retained all incoming particles requiring destruction (bacterial cells and tumors, foreign particles) - are destroyed by macrophages.

Lymph nodes also serves as a depot of lymph and participate in the redistribution of fluid and blood cells between the blood and lymph.


Changes in the submandibular lymph nodes

Submandibular lymph nodes may increase - the so-called reactive lymphadenitis Reactive lymphadenitis Lymphadenitis - when inflamed lymph nodes  Lymphadenitis - when inflamed lymph nodes
   - Inflammatory response  Reactive lymphadenitis - an inflammatory reaction
   - An increase in lymph node is due to proliferation of lymphatic tissue - lymph node preparing to destroy the infection, which is brought from the flow of lymph from the tissues subordinate node. Reactive lymphadenitis of submandibular nodes often occurs against the backdrop of the submandibular salivary gland inflammation.

If the lymph node Lymph nodes - what keeps our immune system  Lymph nodes - what keeps our immune system
   not doing its job and the infection goes unchecked it develops acute lymphadenitis of submandibular glands. This submandibular lymph nodes increase in size and become dense, painful, and the skin over them swells and reddens. Can develop and purulent inflammation and then necrosis (tissue death), submandibular lymph nodes, but this is rare.

If inflammation of the surrounding tissue is chronic and acute lymphadenitis was not treated or treated incompletely, then develop chronic submandibular lymphadenitis.

When cancer processes in the mouth or nose into the submandibular lymph nodes also grows first connective tissue (tumor cells are destroyed), and then there is the accumulation of tumor cells in the lymph nodes and the development therein cancer process.

With significant violations of human immunity develop infectious-inflammatory processes in the mouth and nose, and the lymph nodes are not enlarged and reduced in size (atrophy), the lymphoid tissue lymph node is usually replaced with fatty tissue.

Submandibular lymph nodes often can be felt only when they increase.

They grow at a high load and delay the destruction of infectious agents and tumor cells. They palpated as dense a greater or lesser extent of disease entities of different sizes. In acute significant infectious-inflammatory processes (eg abscesses submandibular region) enlarged submandibular lymph nodes can merge together and form a painful conglomerates.

You should always remember that if enlarged submandibular lymph nodes, you should look for an infectious-inflammatory process in the upper respiratory tract, periodontal tissues and submandibular salivary glands. Less painful (and painless) will submandibular lymph nodes in the formation of tumors in the surrounding tissues.

Galina Romanenko

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  • lymph nodes

Polioksidony: immune-boosting drugs

November 3, 2011

 Polioksidony - it's immune-boosting drugs domestic production, which meets all modern requirements: it has quite a pronounced therapeutic effect with almost no side effects. Apply it is possible to both adults and children.

 Polioksidony: immune-boosting drugs

The mechanism of action polioksidonija

The mechanism of action polioksidonija is direct stimulation of cellular and humoral immunity Immunity - types and characteristics in children in adults  Immunity - types and characteristics in children in adults
 . It activates phagocytes, who first met pathogen and possibly destroy it (cellular immunity), as well as the production of antibodies Antibodies - "soldiers' immunity  Antibodies - "soldiers' immunity
 Destroying infection, which broke through the first barrier (humoral immunity).

 Polioksidony: immune-boosting drugs

Effect on immune cells

  • when intravenous and intramuscular injection stimulates all the immune system;
  • when administered as a rectal or vaginal suppository mainly stimulated lymph structures disposed in urinary organs; but with the introduction of rectal suppositories and expressed general effect;
  • when taking into tablets influence appears mainly in lymphoid tissue of the intestine and respiratory system;
  • when receiving lingual tablets and instillation solution in the nose is on the impact of lymphoid tissue in the upper respiratory tract and upper respiratory tract.

The drug also has a detoxication effect, that is, it removes toxins, including free radicals (antioxidant effect), which play an important role in the development of many serious diseases (cancers, atherosclerosis Atherosclerosis - a chronic disease of the arteries  Atherosclerosis - a chronic disease of the arteries
 , Premature aging, allergic diseases, including allergies to its own tissues).

Detoxification mechanism of action is based on the special structure of the drug, it is deposited on the surface and removes toxins from the body. In addition, it enhances the cell membrane, whereupon they respond less to any toxic effects, such as side effects of drugs, toxic substances in the workplace, household chemicals. So well established that it reduces the toxic effects of antibiotics Antibiotics - whether they will help you in the foreseeable future?  Antibiotics - whether they will help you in the foreseeable future?
 , Antivirals, antifungals, antihistamines bronchodilators, glucocorticosteroid and some other medicines.

Once in the blood polioksidony distributed mainly in lymphoid tissue, and then decomposed in the liver to metabolites (metabolic products) and excreted in urine.

In the treatment of infectious and inflammatory diseases in the complex therapy polyoxidonium promotes rapid reduction of symptoms of intoxication and recovery, anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect (eg, rheumatoid arthritis), reduces the risk of complications (eg, connection to allergic or viral process of bacterial infection). In chronic infectious and inflammatory diseases, it reduces the number and duration of exacerbations even when there is in the body of permanent foci of chronic infection, which sometimes can not be removed completely from the body (eg, herpes).

 Polioksidony: immune-boosting drugs

Side effects and contraindications while taking polioksidonija

Polioksidony well tolerated and no side effects at recommended doses manufacturers. In addition, he has immunostimulatory effects and overall toning and revitalizing effect: when the reception marked improvement in the general state of health and disability.

Polioksidony blends well with any antibacterial, antiviral and antifungal agents, as well as with other medicinal products intended for symptomatic treatment. Moreover, polyoxidonium will reduce the dosage and duration of use of these drugs.

While laboratory studies conducted by the manufacturer, it was found that polioksidoiy no adverse effects on the fetus. However, since clinical studies in pregnant women and nursing mothers have not been conducted to apply them polyoxidonium not recommended.

Polioksidony also does not exhibit antigenic properties, that is not perceived by the body as a foreign substance so substantially prevents allergic reactions.

In the treatment of cancer patients polioksidonija important feature is that it does not have mitogenic (ie does not promote proliferation of tissue cells) and carcinogenic effects.

Polioksidony used for acute and chronic infectious-inflammatory processes of any origin and location, allergic and autoimmune (allergic to its own tissue) disease, low immunity. Moreover, it is actively used as a prophylactic for the prevention of seasonal viral infections.

Galina Romanenko

Article Tags:
  • polyoxidonium